In this article, we will learn How to Highlight a row on the basis of Cell
Earlier we learned how to highlight entire if any cell in row contains specific text. In this article, we will learn how to highlight row if cell in a contains a specific value. Not only text, if any criteria is met, we will highlight the row using conditional formating.
Generic Formula in Conditional Formating
|= (cell with relative row = criteria)|
Cell with relative row: this is the a cell reference where column is absolute and row is relative. For example $A1. Learn in detail about referencing in excel here.
Criteria: It is the criteria that you want to match and highlight row. It can be a text a value or logical test.
Let’s see an example to make things clear.
Here I have some data of fruits. I just want to highlight entire row if fruit rate is greater then 100.
Select first row of table (A2:C2).
It is necessary to select the entire row before doing conditional formatting.
Copy this range and paste special the format to entire table.
Now each row will be highlighted whose rate is greater than 100. Here I have hardcoded the criteria, but you can give cell reference too.
How it works?
Well, it is quite simple. We simply check if value in $C2 is greater than 100 or not. If it is, we tell excel to highlight the entire row.
Note that only Column C is frozen using $ and row are left relative. It is because we want to change the lookup row when we copy the conditional formatting and while column stands absolute. In the end we get highlighted rows that contains value greater than 100. Learn about referencing in detail here.
All of these might be confusing to understand. Let's understand this formula by running it on an example. Here we have data with estimated population for each region.
Here as you can see the data have values (numbers with operator) which need to be considered too. We need to highlight cells which have a population less than 50000. So we use the formula stated below with Explanation under Conditional formatting formula box.
Go to Home -> Conditional formatting -> New Rule
A dialog box appears in front select Use a formula to determine which cells to format -> input the below formula under the Format values where this formula is True:
Use the formula for matching value less than 50000.
|=IF( ISNUMBER (C2) ,C2 < $G$3 , IF( LEFT (C2) = "<" ,(MID (C2 , 2 , LEN (C2 ) + 0) < $G$3 ) )|
As you can see the formula, the yellow background is the highlighted and the required data. You can check the formula in a sample cell to verify whether the value returns True or False. Now i will add one more rule to highlight the population which is greater than 80000. Create new rule in conditional formatting and use the below formula to highlight the numbers with green background.
Use the formula for matching value less than 50000.
|=IF( ISNUMBER (C2) ,C2 > $G$4 , IF( LEFT (C2) = ">" ,(MID (C2 , 2 , LEN (C2 ) + 0) > $G$4 ) )|
As you can see, Conditional formatting does all the highlighting for you.
Here are all the observational notes regarding using the formula.
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