# How to use the MINUTE function in Excel The Excel MINUTE function is a DATE & TIME function. This function takes time value as input and returns the MINUTE value from the input time value in numerical format. In this article, we will learn how to use the MINUTE function in Excel. Time value in excel is stored as number.

Syntax of MINUTE Function:

=MINUTE(serial_number)

serial_number : time value

Example of MINUTE Function
All of these might be confusing to understand. So, let's test this formula via running it on the example shown below. So, here I have a table of some data. Excel understands time value as numerical value. The first column contains the time value or date and time value combined, second column contains MINUTE value as result of the using the MINUTE function and third column contains the important notes using the function.

Use the formula:

=MINUTE(C4) It will return 0. Here the argument to the MINUTE function is given using cell reference. The returned value is zero as excel considers MINUTE value starting from the 0 as 00:00:00 AM and 59 as 00:59:00 AM. As shown in the above snapshot, you can change the format of any cell to any format using the format cell option. Now You can copy the formula from one to the remaining cells using the Ctrl + D shortcut key or using the drag down option in excel. As you can see from the above snapshot that MINUTE function takes time value as input and returns the MINUTE value from the time value. The function returns #VALUE! Error if the time or date & time value is invalid.

Excel MINUTE function : MINUTE function with other formulas to return result in MINUTE format. MINUTE function is mostly used with other date and time functions for calculating MINUTE values in Excel. From one time value extract MINUTE, minute and second for more calculation like the one shown below to get the minimum exit time entry.

Use the formula:

=TIME(HOUR(C5),MINUTE(C5)+10,SECOND(C5)) Here the MINUTE function extract MINUTE value, MINUTE function extracts minute value and second function extracts second value from the given time value and perform operation over numerical values and return the arguments to the TIME function to get in return required time value.

Here are some observational notes shown below.

Notes:

1. The formula only works with numbers.
2. The numerical MINUTE value starts from 12:00 AM as 0 and goes upto 59 as 00:59 AM and the cycle repeats itself.
3. Arguments to the function must be numeric values or else the function returns #NAME? Error.
4. No argument to the function returns #NUM! Error.
5. The function ignores minute and second value
6. The function returns #VALUE! Error if the date or time value is invalid.

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