Finding the next row means finding the last used row +1. Finding the last used row or column is one of the basic and important tasks for any automation in excel using VBA. For compiling sheets, workbooks and arranging data automatically, you are required to find the limit of the data on sheets.
This article will explain every method of finding the last row and column in excel in the easiest ways.
Let’s see the code first. I’ll explain the letter.
Sub getLastUsedRow() Dim last_row As Integer last_row = Cells(Rows.Count, 1).End(xlUp).Row ‘This line gets the last row Debug.Print last_row End Sub
The above sub finds the last row in column 1.
How does it work?
It is just like going to the last row in a sheet and then pressing CTRL+UP shortcut.
Cells(Rows.Count, 1): This part selects the cell in column A. Rows.Count gives 1048576, which is usually the last row in excel sheet.
Cells(1048576, 1).End(xlUp): End is a method of range class which is used to navigate in sheets to ends. xlUp is the variable that tells the direction. Together this command selects the last row with data.
Cells(Rows.Count, 1).End(xlUp).Row : .row returns the row number of selected cell. Hence we get the row number of the last cell with data in column A. in our example, it is 8.
See how easy it is to find last rows with data. This method will select the last row in data irrespective of blank cells before it. You can see that in image that only cell A8 has data. All preceding cells are blank except A4.
If you want to select the last cell in A column then just remove “.row” from the end and write .select.
Sub getLastUsedRow() Cells(Rows.Count, 1).End(xlUp).Select ‘This line selects the last cell in a column End Sub
The “.Select” command selects the active cell.
If you want to get the last cell’s address in A column then just remove “.row” from the end and write .address.
Sub getLastUsedRow() add=Cells(Rows.Count, 1).End(xlUp).address ‘This line selects the last cell in a column Debug.print add End Sub
The Range.Address function returns the activecell’s address.
It is almost the same as finding the last non blank cell in a column. Here we are getting the column number of the last cell with data in row 4.
Sub getLastUsedCol() Dim last_col As Integer last_col = Cells(4,Columns.Count).End(xlToLeft).Column ‘This line gets the last column Debug.Print last_col End Sub
You can see in the image that it is returning the last non blank cell’s column number in row 4. Which is 4.
How it works?
Well, the mechanics are the same as finding the last cell with data in a column. We just have used keywords related to columns.
Now we know how to get the last row and last column of excel using VBA. Using that we can select a table or dataset easily. After selecting a data set or table, we can do several operations on them, like copy-paste, formatting, deleting etc.
Here we have a data set. This data can expand downwards. Only the starting cell is fixed, which is B4. The last row and column is not fixed. We need to select the whole table dynamically using vba.
VBA code to select table with blank cells
Sub select_table() Dim last_row, last_col As Long 'Get last row last_row = Cells(Rows.Count, 2).End(xlUp).Row 'Get last column last_col = Cells(4, Columns.Count).End(xlToLeft).Column 'Select entire table Range(Cells(4, 2), Cells(last_row, last_col)).Select End Sub
When you run this, the entire table will be selected in a fraction of a second. You can add new rows and columns. It will always select the entire data.
Benefits of this method:
Cons of Range.End method:
Let’s see the code first.
Sub last_row() lastRow = ActiveSheet.Cells.Find("*", searchorder:=xlByRows, searchdirection:=xlPrevious).Row Debug.Print lastRow End Sub
As you can see in the image, this code returns the last row accurately.
Here we use find function to find any cell that contains any thing using wild card operator "*". Asterisk is used to find anything, text or number.
We set search order by rows (searchorder:=xlByRows). We also tell excel vba the direction of search as xlPrevious (searchdirection:=xlPrevious). It makes a find function to search from the end of the sheet, row wise.
Once it finds a cell that contains anything, it stops. We use the Range.Row method to fetch the last row from the active cell.
Benefits of Find function for getting last cell with data:
Cons of Find() function:
The SpecialCells function with xlCellTypeLastCell argument returns the last used cell. Lets see the code first
Sub spl_last_row_() lastRow = ActiveSheet.Cells.SpecialCells(xlCellTypeLastCell).Row Debug.Print lastRow End Sub
If you run the above code, you will get the row number of the last used cell.
How it Works?
This is the vba equivalent of shortcut CTRL+End in excel. It selects the last used cell. If you record the macro while pressing CTRL+End, you will get this code.
Sub Macro1() ' ' Macro1 Macro ' ' ActiveCell.SpecialCells(xlLastCell).Select End Sub
We just used it to get the last used cell’s row number.
Note: As I said above, this method will return the last used cell not last cell with data. If you delete the data in the last cell, above vba code will still return the same cell reference, since it was the “last used cell”. You need to save the document first to get the last cell with data using this method.
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