How to Sum values in vertical and horizontal ranges in Excel

In this article, we will learn How to Sum values in vertical and horizontal ranges in Excel.

SUM entire column

In Excel, working with array reference and need to access the whole column where you know empty cells are not interrupted. Like you can use SUM, COUNT, MAX function but cannot use AVERAGE or MIN function

SUM entire column Formula in Excel

SUM function adds up all the values. Here the whole column is

Syntax:  

=SUM(col : col)

Column numbers are indexed as A, B, C goes on. Like C:C when input numbers are in the Z column.

Sum range of values 

Select the range of data, including the empty rows and columns surrounding the data A1:K11 (see screenshot).

A quick technique for selecting data without using the mouse:

select cell A1, press Shift, and select cell K11.

Now press Alt+= or click the AutoSum icon.

Result: The SUM formula is added to the end of each row and the bottom of each column.

Example :

All of these might be confusing to understand. Let's understand how to use the function using an example. Here we have 76 numbers in column A.

Here we need to sum the values present in this column their would two methods

Use the formula

=SUM(A2:A77)

OR

=SUM(A:A)

Sum function adds up the numbers in the list and returns the Sum. You can use the formula for summing across the entire row. Let's understand how we select entire row within SUM function

SUM across entire row

In Excel, working with array reference and need to access the whole column where you know empty cells are not interrupted. Like you can use SUM, COUNT, MAX function but cannot use AVERAGE or MIN function

SUM entire row Formula in Excel

SUM function adds up all the values. Here the whole column is

Syntax:  

=SUM(row_index : row_index)

row_index are indexed as A, B, C goes on. Like C:C when input numbers are in the 3rd row.

Example :

All of these might be confusing to understand. Let's understand how to use the function using an example. Here we have 3 numbers in 3rd Row.

Here we need to sum the values present in this row their would two methods

Use the formula : 

=SUM(A3:C3)

OR

=SUM(3:3)

Sum function adds up the numbers in the list and returns the Sum.

Here are all the observational notes using the formula in Excel.
Notes :

  1. The formula only works with only to look up the exact match.
  2. The SUMPRODUCT function considers non-numeric values as 0s.
  3. The SUMPRODUCT function considers logic value TRUE as 1 and False as 0.
  4. The argument array must be the same size else the function returns an error.
  5. SUMPRODUCT function returns the value corresponding to the TRUE values in the returned array after taking individual products in the corresponding array.
  6. Operators like equals to ( = ), less than ( < ), less than equal to ( <= ), greater than ( > ), greater than equal to ( >= ) or not equals to ( <> ) can be performed within a formula applied, with numbers only.

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Comments

  1. "Does anyone know how to limit a SUM function to a range from a dynamic input?

    E.g. Columns A B C D each contains monthly data. From a user input, example 3, I want to calculate the sum of the choosen columns (example here, the first 3 columns A B C)."

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