# How to Sum Values Based on the Criteria of a Non-Empty Adjacent Cell In this article, we will learn How to Sum Values Based on the Criteria of a Non-Empty Adjacent Cell.

SUM range and Criteria range in SUMIF function

In Excel, Sometimes you might be confused with what is sum range and criteria range. Sum range is where sum is needed and criteria range is where some condition is fulfilled. For example finding the sum of salaries of employees who belong to California. Here sum range is salary and criteria range is State. Another example If we need to find the sum of salaries of employees whose salary is above 50000. Here sum range and criteria range is the same. Let's understand how we can use empty cell criteria in criteria.

Sum if with non empty cells in Excel

SUMIF Excel function gets the sum of range based on the condition and returns the recorded values.

Syntax:

 =SUMIF(cri_range, <> , sum_range)

cri_range : Criteria range, range where criteria is applied

<> : to find not empty only

sum_range : sum range, range where sum is evaluated

Example :

All of these might be confusing to understand. Let's understand how to use the function using an example. we want a formula preferably SUMIF function to sum the numbers in column A only if the corresponding cell in column B is not empty. I have tried to use sumif multiple columns based on non-blank cells. So write the formula where you want to get the sum

Use the formula:

 =SUMIF(B:B,"<>",A:A)

Explanation:

The function checks the cells which are not blank and excel if the cell is not blank, it records the value of the corresponding cell. The function returns the sum of the recorded values.

Sum of values in Column A is done, a condition that the corresponding Column B should not be blank. Press Enter to get the desired result. Now we will remove some of the numbers from Column B. As you can see, as I removed some numbers, the sum changed. The Formula catches the blank cells and considers only the non-blank cells in Column B and returns the sum of corresponding values in Column A.

Here are all the observational notes using the formula in Excel.
Notes :

1. The formula only works with only to look up the exact match.
2. The SUMPRODUCT function considers non-numeric values as 0s.
3. The SUMPRODUCT function considers logic value TRUE as 1 and False as 0.
4. The argument array must be the same size else the function returns an error.
5. SUMPRODUCT function returns the value corresponding to the TRUE values in the returned array after taking individual products in the corresponding array.
6. Operators like equals to ( = ), less than ( < ), less than equal to ( <= ), greater than ( > ), greater than equal to ( >= ) or not equals to ( <> ) can be performed within a formula applied, with numbers only.

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