 # Summing A Dynamic Range of Numbers According To Criteria in Excel 2010

To find sum of numbers based on criteria, we can use a combination of SUM, MATCH, COUNTIF & OFFSET functions to retrieve the output.

SUM: Adds all the numbers in a range of cells

Syntax: =SUM(number1,number2,…)

There can be maximum 255 arguments. Refer below shown screenshot: MATCH function searches for a specified item in a selected range of cells, and then returns the relative position of that item in the range.

Syntax =MATCH(lookup_value,lookup_array,match_type)

COUNTIF: Counts the number of cells within a range that meets the condition.

Syntax: =COUNTIF(range,criteria)

OFFSET: Returns a reference to a range that is a given number of rows and columns from a given reference.

Syntax: =OFFSET(reference,rows,cols,height,width)

reference: It is a reference to a cell or range of cells from which the offset will be applied.

rows: The number of rows up or down that you want to apply as the offset to the range.

cols: The number of columns left or right that you want to apply as the offset to the range.

height: This is optional. It is the number of rows that you want the returned reference to be.

width: This is optional. It is the number of columns that you want the returned reference to be.

Let us take an example:

Column A contains an ascending list of numbers. We need a formula that will sum up all the numbers in column A larger than 2 which is our criterion in cell C2. • The formula in cell D2 would be
• =SUM(OFFSET(A2,MATCH(C2,A2:A10,0),0,COUNTIF(A2:A10,”>”&C2))) • The formula has taken the sum of numbers which are greater than 2.
• If we change the criteria in cell C2 from 2 to 5 then the result would be updated automatically. This time formula will calculate sum of the numbers which are greater than 5. Terms and Conditions of use

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