# How to VLOOKUP from Different Excel Sheet in Excel  In this article, we will learn How to VLOOKUP from Different Excel Sheets in Excel.

How does it matter if the vlookup table is on another sheet ?

To retrieve information from an employee database we can use a VLOOKUP formula. This formula will simply find the unique id and return the information related to that employee ID. If you are new to VLOOKUP functions, this is one of the best VLOOKUP exercises.

VLOOKUP Function with table on different sheet in Excel

Formula Syntax :

 =VLOOKUP(id,database,col,0)

Id: it is the unique id of the employee in the database. We will use it to look up employee information.

Database: It is the table that contains the information of employees. The first column must be the Id.

Col: It is the column number from which you want to retrieve the value.

0 or False: It is used for exact match VLOOKUP.

Or use

Formula Syntax :

 =VLOOKUP(lookup_value, sheetname!table_array, col_index,0)

Here only factor is sheetname! In formula. Just write the correct sheet name in before table_array with ! mark. Excel will VLOOKUP from that given sheet. Let's have a simple example.

Example :

All of these might be confusing to understand. Let's understand how to use the function using an example. Here On sheet1 I have a builder id. On sheet 2 I have the name of those builders. So I just need to fetch names from sheet2 to sheet1 using VLOOKUP. Write this formula in cell B2 on sheet1.

 =VLOOKUP(A2,Sheet2!\$A\$2:\$B\$8,2,0)

Note the sheet2 here. If you rename it to sheet3, VLOOKUP will look for data on sheet 3 at range \$A\$2:\$B\$8 (locked the reference to range) if it exists other wise #REF error will be shown. Another VLOOKUP Example

Retrieve Employee Information Using VLOOKUP from Employee Table

Here We have a table that contains the details of all the employees in an organization on a separate sheet. The first column contains the ID of these employees. I have named this table as emp_data. Now my search sheet needs to fetch the employee's information whose ID is written in cell B3. I have named B3 as ID. For ease of understanding, all the column heading are in exactly the same order as the emp_data  table.

Now write the below formula in cell C3 to retrieve the zone of the employee ID written in B3.

 =VLOOKUP(ID,Emp_Data,2,0)

This will return the zone of the employee Id 1-1830456593 because column number 2 in the database contains the zone of employees.

Copy this formula in the rest of the cells and change the column number in the formula to get all the information of employees. You can see that all the information related to the mentioned ID in Cell B3. Whichever id you write in Cell B3, all the information will be fetched without making any change in the formula.

How does this work?

There's nothing tricky. We are simply using the VLOOKUP function to lookup ID and then fetch the mentioned column. Practice VLOOKUP using such data to understand the VLOOKUP more.

In the above example, we had all the columns organized in the same order but there will be times when you'll have a database that will have hundreds of columns. In such cases, this method of retrieving employee information won't be good. It will be better if the formula can look at the column heading and fetch data from that column from the employee table.

So to retrieve value from the table using column heading we will use a 2-way lookup method or say dynamic column VLOOKUP.

Use this formula in cell C3 and copy in the rest cells. You don't need to change anything in the formula, everything will be fetched from thd emp_data. This formula simply retrieves all  the information from matched columns. You can jumble the headers in the report, this won't make any difference. Whichever the heading is written in cell above, the respective data contains.

How does this work?

This is simply a dynamic VLOOKUP. You can read about it here. If I'll explain it here, it will become a too large article.

Retrieve Employee ID with Partial Match

It may happen that you don't remember the whole ID of an employee, but you still want to retrieve the information of some ID. In such cases partial match VLOOKUP is the best solution.

For example, If I know that some id contains 2345 but I don't know the whole Id. If I enter this number in Cell C3, the output will be like. We get nothing. Since nothing matches 2345 in the table. Modify the above formula like this.

Copy this in the entire row. And now you have the information of the first employee that contains this number. Please note that we will get the first ID that contains the matched number in Emp Id column. If any other ID contains the same number, this formula will not retrieve that employee's information.

If you want to get all the employee ids that contain the same number use the formula that lookups all the matched values.

Here are all the observational notes using the formula in Excel
Notes :

1. You can add more rows and columns in the lookup array.
2. Text arguments must be given within quotes ("").
3. The VLOOKUP table must have the lookup_array in the leftmost or the first column.
4. The col index cannot be 1 as it is the lookup array
5. 0 argument is used for the exact match value. Use 1 for the approximate match value.
6. The function returns #N/A error, if look up value is not found in the lookup array. So catch the error, if necessary.

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