How to use the ADDRESS function in Excel

In this article, we will learn How to use the ADDRESS function in Excel.

ADDRESS of cell reference

Whenever you need to access the address of the cell having some criteria. You won't be using it till long. You can use the ADDRESS function. Let's understand the ADDRESS function syntax and illustrate the ADDRESS function usage with an example.

ADDRESS Function in Excel

The ADDRESS function simply returns the address of a cell by using row number and column number.

ADDRESS Function syntax :


Row_num: The Row number

Col_num: The Column number

[abs_num]: Optional Argument. Has four possible inputs, 1, 2, 3, and 4. If omitted or 1, the returned address will be absolute eg $A$1. 2 returns absolute row and relative column eg A$1.

3 returns relative row and absolute column $A1. 4 returns relative address eg A1.

[a1]: Optional Argument. Has two possible inputs, 0 and 1. If omitted, it will return A1-style. 0 returns output in R[1]C[1] style.

[sheet_name]: Optional Argument. If a sheet name is provided, add it with the address along ! mark. Eg. mysheet!A1.

IMPORTANT: The address returned is in text format.

Example :

All of these might be confusing to understand. Let's understand how to use the function using an example.

  • Get relative address of Row 3 and Column 1.

Above ADDRESS formula will return A3.

  • Get Value of a cell using ADDRESS Function

Above formula will return value at $A$3

  • Get ADDRESS Of Max Value in a Range.

We have this table.

Write this formula anywhere to get address of Max Value.


MAX function finds max value in range B:B

MATCH looks for that MAX value in B:B range and returns index or say row number.

COLUMN returns column number of B2.

Now, ADDRESS has row_num and col_num. And this is all it needs.

  • Get adjacent cells value of Max Value

Many times you would require to get the name of a person getting max or min value. One approach is this.


Since address returned by ADDRESS function is text, we use INDIRECT so that OFFSET function takes it as real address.

we move 1 column left to max cell using -1. And finally offset returns name of robo that is getting max pay.

Here are all the observational notes using the ADDRESS function in Excel
Notes :

  1. Any other key used, the function returns #VALUE! error.

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