The functions like VLOOKUP, COUNTIF, SUMIF are called worksheet functions. Generally, the functions that are predefined in Excel and ready to use on a worksheet are worksheet functions. You can't alter or see the code behind these functions in VBA.
On the other hand the user defined functions and functions specific to VBA like MsgBox or InputBox are VBA functions.
We all know how to use VBA functions in VBA. But what if we want to use VLOOKUP in a VBA. How do we do that? In this article, we will explore exactly that.
To access the worksheet function we use an Application class. Almost all the worksheet functions are listed into Application.Worksheet Function class. And using dot operator, you can access them all.
In any sub, write Application.Worksheet Function. And start writing the name of the function. VBA's intellisense will show the name of the functions available to use. Once you have chosen the function name, it will ask for the variables, like any function on excel. But you will have to pass variables in VBA understandable format. For example, if you want to pass a range A1:A10, you will have to pass it as a range object like Range("A1:A10").
So let's use some worksheet functions to understand it better.
To demonstrate how you can use a VLOOKUP function in VBA, here I have sample data. I need to show the Name and City of given Login Id in a message box using VBA. The data is spread in range A1:K26.
Press ALT+F11 to open VBE and insert a module.
See the below code.
Sub WsFuncitons() Dim loginID As String Dim name, city As String loginID = "AHKJ_1-3357042451" 'Using VLOOKUP function to get name of given id in table name = Application.WorksheetFunction.VLookup(loginID, Range("A1:K26"), 2, 0) 'Using VLOOKUP function to get city of given id in table city = Application.WorksheetFunction.VLookup(loginID, Range("A1:K26"), 4, 0) MsgBox ("Name: " & name & vbLf & "City: " & city) End Sub
When you run this code, you will get this result.
You can see how quickly the VBA prints the result into a message box. Now let's examine the code.
How does it work?
Dim loginID As String
Dim name, city As String
First we have declared two variables of string type to store the result returned by the VLOOKUP function. I have used string type variables because I am sure that the result returned by VLOOKUP will be a string value. If your worksheet function is expected to return number, date, range, etc. type of value, use that kind of variable to store the result. If you are not sure, which kind of value will be returned by the worksheet function, use variant type variables.
loginID = "AHKJ_1-3357042451"
Next we have used the loginID variable to store lookup value. Here we have used a hardcoded value. You can use references too. For example. You can use Range("A2").Value to dynamically update lookup value from range A2.
name = Application.WorksheetFunction.VLookup(loginID, Range("A1:K26"), 2, 0)
Here we use the VLOOKUP function to get. Now when you right the function and open the parenthesis, it will show you arguments required but not as descriptive as it shows on the Excel. See for yourself.
You need to remember how and what variable you need to use. You can always go back to the worksheet to see the descriptive variable details.
Here, the lookup value is Arg1. For Arg1 we use loginID. The lookup table is Arg2. For Arg2 we used Range("A1:K26"). Note that we did not use directly A2:K26 as we do on the Excel. The columns index is Arg3. For Arg3 we used 2, since the name is in the second column. The lookup type is Arg4. We used 0 as Arg4.
city = Application.WorksheetFunction.VLookup(loginID, Range("A1:K26"), 4, 0)
Similarly we get the city name.
MsgBox ("Name: " & name & vbLf & "City: " & city)
Finally we print name and city using Messagebox.
The worksheet functions possess power of immense calculations and it won't be smart to ignore the power of worksheet functions. For example, if we want the standard deviation of a dataset and you want to write whole code for this, it can take you hours. But if you know how to use the worksheet function STDEV.P in VBA to get the calculation in one go.
Sub GetStdDev() std = Application.WorksheetFunction.StDev_P(Range("A1:K26")) End Sub
Using Multiple Worksheet Functions VBA
Let's say we need to use an index match to retrieve some values. Now how would you wright the formula in VBA. This is what I guess you will write:
Sub IndMtch() Val = Application.WorksheetFunction.Index(result_range, _ Application.WorksheetFunction.Match(lookup_value, _ lookup_range, match_type)) End Sub
This is not wrong but it is lengthy. The right way to use multiple functions is by using a With block. See the below example:
Sub IndMtch() With Application.WorksheetFunction Val = .Index(result_range, .Match(lookup_value, lookup_range, match_type)) val2 = .VLookup(arg1, arg2, arg3) val4 = .StDev_P(numbers) End With End Sub
As you can see, I have used With block to tell VBA that I will be using the properties and functions of Application.WorksheetFunction. So I do not need to define it everywhere. I just used the dot operator to access INDEX, MATCH, VLOOKUP and STDEV.P functions. Once we use End With statement, we are not able to access functions without using fully qualified function names.
So if you have to use multiple worksheet functions in VBA, use with block.
Not All the Worksheet Function are Available Through Application.WorksheetFunction
Some Worksheet Functions are directly available to use in VBA. You don't need to use Application.WorksheetFunction object.
For example, functions like Len() which is used to get the number of characters in a string, left, right, mid, trim, offset etc. These functions can be directly used in VBA. Here is an example.
Sub GetLen() Strng = "Hello" Debug.Print (Len(strng)) End Sub
See, here we used the LEN function without using Application.WorksheetFunction object.
Similarly you can use other functions like left, right, mid, char etc.
Sub GetLen() Strng = "Hello" Debug.Print (Len(strng)) Debug.Print (left(strng,2)) Debug.Print (right(strng,1)) Debug.Print (Mid(strng, 3, 2)) End Sub When you run the above sub, it will return:
Hope this article about How to Use Worksheet Functions like VLOOKUP in VBA in Excel is explanatory. Find more articles on VBA formulas and related Excel formulas here. If you liked our blogs, share it with your friends on Facebook. And also you can follow us on Twitter and Facebook. We would love to hear from you, do let us know how we can improve, complement or innovate our work and make it better for you. Write to us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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