How to Combine Text and Formatted Numbers into a Single Entity in Excel in Excel

In this article, we will learn How to Combine Text and Formatted Numbers into a Single Entity in Excel in Excel.


Excel considers number values in many formats like number, date, time, text, percentage or currency. These can be changed into each other. Excel converts numbers to text to use numbers as text in formulas like vlookup with numbers and text. The Excel TEXT function lets you convert the number to text. The TEXT function in Excel is used to convert numbers into text. The fun part is you can format that number to show it in the desired format. For example format a yy-mm-dd date into dd-mm-yy format. Add currency signs before a  number and many more.

TEXT formula in Excel

TEXT function is a string function which converts any value to a given format. The result may seem that it is a number but it's in text format.

=TEXT(cell_ref, text_format)

cell_ref : value to convert using cell reference

Text_format : Format to convert

Format Output_format
d 7
ddd Thu
dddd Thursday
m 2
mmm Feb
mmmm February
mmmmm F
yy 19
yyyy 2019
m/d/y 2/7/19
mm/dd/yy 02/07/19
mm/dd/yyyy 02/07/2019
ddd, mmm d Thu, Feb 7
mm/dd/yyyy h:mm AM/PM 02/07/2019 2:15 PM
mm/dd/yyyy hh:mm:ss 07/02/2019 14:15:00

Example :

All of these might be confusing to understand. Let's understand how to use the function using an example. Here we have some examples to convert date values to text format or any other required format.

Convert the value in A2 cell.

Use the formula in C2 cell

=TEXT (A2, “0”)

“0”: returns the general text format.

Press Enter and copy the formula in remaining cells using Ctrl + D

As you can see we got numbers as text output because the significance number always varied.

Here we have some numbers to convert to text format or any other required format.

Use the formula:


As you can see the value in the output cell is in Text format. 

You can use any Format_text and do your work in excel without any interruption

Add 0 before a Number

Sometimes you are needed to add 0 before some fixed digit of numbers like phone number or pin number. Use this Text formula to do so…

=TEXT( 1234, “00000”)

If you have N digits of number then in text format argument write n+1 0s.

Add Currency Before a Number

Write this text formula to add currency.

=TEXT( 1234, “$0”)

As you can see we got numbers as text output because the significance number always varied.

Concatenating a text string and a formula-calculated value. To make the result returned by some formula more understandable for your users, you can concatenate it with a text string that explains what the value actually is.
For example, you can use the following formula to return the current date:

=CONCATENATE("Today is ",TEXT(TODAY(), "dd-mmm-yy"))

Using CONCATENATE in Excel - things to remember

To ensure that your CONCATENATE formulas always deliver the correct results, remember the following simple rules:

Excel CONCATENATE function requires at least one "text" argument to work.

Here are all the observational notes using the formula in Excel
Notes :

  1. Use & operator to combine text. & operator does the same work as CONCAT function
  2. In new versions of Excel, CONCATENATE is replaced with the CONCAT function, which has exactly the same syntax. The CONCATENATE function is kept for backward compatibility, it is common practice to use CONCAT instead because Excel does not give any promises that CONCATENATE will be available in future versions of Excel.

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