# How to use the CHOOSE Function in Excel

SELECT from given list

Choose and return one value from a list of values. For example if we want to mark a quarter year with text values like 1st quarter, second quarter, Third quarter and fourth quarter on the database based on date value. Divide among 4 quarters and select from the list based on the given date value condition. Let's understand how CHOOSE function syntax works and some examples to illustrate the function usage.

CHOOSE Function in Excel

Excel CHOOSE function takes values and returns the value corresponding to a particular index_num.

CHOOSE Function Syntax :

 =CHOOSE ( index_num , value1, [value2], ...)

Index_num : number corresponding to the required value

Value1 : first value

Value2 : second value

Example :

All of these might be confusing to understand. Let's understand how to use the function using an example. Here we have some employee ID and we need their names.

Use the formula in B2 cell to get the first name (value) form the list:

 =CHOOSE(A2, "Anthony", "Andrew", "David", "Michelle")

A2 : index_num

Anthony : value 1

Andrew : value 2

Michelle : value 3

As you can see from the above snapshot that values are called using index_num in argument.

Copy the formula in other cells using the Ctrl + D shortcut key.

This is how CHOOSE function retrieves values from the values as arguments.

CHOOSE function usually used with other functions

We will use the combination with Mathematical functions like the SUM function. Here we have some values and needs to find the SUM of values in column B.

Use the formula:

 =SUM ( CHOOSE ( 2 , A1:A10, B1:B10, C1:C10,))

Explanation:

The CHOOSE function will calls the second value

This will drop down to : =SUM(B1:B10)

We will use a Combination of CHOOSE with DATE & TIME functions like MONTH function.

Use the function

 =CHOOSE(MONTH(A4),"Jan","Feb","Mar","Apr","May","Jun","Jul","Aug","Sept","Oct","Nov","Dec")

Explanation:

MONTH function returns a number and the number will be the index_num for the CHOOSE function.

Values corresponding to the number will be the return value of the formula.

As you can see here, you can rename the Month names as per your convenience.

We will use a Combination of CHOOSE with LOOKUP functions like VLOOKUP function.

Use the formula in F2 cell:

 { =VLOOKUP (E2, CHOOSE ({1,2}, A2:A10 & B2:B10, C2:C10), 2, 0) }

Note : Do not try to put curly braces manually. Use Ctrl + Shift + Enter

As you can see CHOOSE function is very helpful when combined with other functions.

Here are all the observational notes using the CHOOSE function in Excel
Notes :

1. The function works with both numbers and text.
2. Change the format of the required result.
3. Index_num only be a number value from 1 to total count of value is listed.
4. Use the array reference with absolute char (\$) for the array of values to be fixed,
5. Use carefully while using array of values.

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