How To Auto Update Pivot Table Using VBA in Microsoft Excel

In this article, we will learn How To Auto Update Pivot Table Using VBA in Microsoft Excel 2010.

Why do we need to update the pivot table chart?

As we all know, whenever we make changes in a source data of a pivot table, it doesn't reflect immediately in the pivot table. We need to refresh the pivot tables to see the changes. And if you send an updated file without refreshing the pivot tables, you may feel embarrassment.

So in this article, we will learn how to auto refresh a pivot table using VBA.

This is the simple syntax to automatically refresh pivot tables in the workbook.

'Code in Source Data Sheet Object
Private Sub Worksheet_Deactivate()
End Sub

What are Pivot Caches?

Every pivot table stores the data in pivot cache. This is why pivot is able to show previous data. When we refresh pivot tables, it updates the cache with new source data to reflect the changes on the pivot table.

So we just need a macro to refresh the cache of pivot tables. We will do this using a worksheet event so that we don't have to run macro manually.

Where to Code To Auto Refresh Pivot Tables?

If your source data and pivot tables are in different sheets, then the VBA code should go in the source data sheet.

Here we will use Worksheet_SelectionChange Event. This will make the code run whenever we switch from the source data sheet to another sheet. I'll explain later why I used this event.

Here, I have source data in sheet2 and pivot tables in sheet1.

Open VBE using CTRL+F11 key. In project explorer, you can see three objects, Sheet1, Sheet2 and the Workbook.

Since Sheet2 contains the source data, double click on sheet2 object.

Now you can see two drop downs at the top of the code area. From the first drop down, select the worksheet. And from the second drop down select Deactivate. This will insert an empty sub name Worksheet_Deactivate. Our code will be written in this sub. Any lines written in this sub, get's executed as soon as the user switches from this sheet to any other sheet.

On sheet1 I have two pivot tables. I want to refresh only one pivot table. For that, I need to know the name of the pivot table. To know the name of any pivot table, select any cell in that pivot table  go to pivot table analyze tab. On the left hand side, you will see the name of the pivot table. You can also change the name of the pivot table here.

Now we know the name of the pivot table, we can write a simple line to refresh the pivot table.

Private Sub Worksheet_Deactivate()
End Sub

And it is done.

Now whenever you will switch from the source data, this vba code will run to refresh the pivot table1. As you can see in the gif below.

How to Refresh All the Pivot Tables in The Workbook?

In the above example, we only wanted to refresh one specific pivot table. But if you want to refresh all the pivot tables in a workbook, you just need to do slight changes to your code.

Private Sub Worksheet_Deactivate()
 For Each pc In ThisWorkbook.PivotCaches
 Next pc
End Sub

In this code we are using a For loop to loop through each pivot caches in the workbook. The ThisWorkbook object contains all the pivot caches. To access them we use ThisWorkbook.PivotCaches.

Why Use Worksheet_Deactivate Event?

If you want to refresh the pivot table as soon as any change is made in source data, you should use Worksheet_Change event. But I don't recommend it. It will make your workbook run the code every time you make any change in the sheet. You may have to do hundreds of changes before you want to see the result. But excel will refresh the pivot table on every change. This will lead to waste of processing time and resources. So if you have pivot tables and data in different sheets, it is better to use Worksheet Deactivate Event. It lets you finnish your work. Once you switch to pivot table sheets to see the changes, it amends the changes.

If you have pivot tables and source data on the same sheet and you want pivot tables to auto refresh it self, you may want to use Worksheet_Change Event.

Private Sub Worksheet_Change(ByVal Target As Range)
End Sub

How to Refresh Everything in Workbooks When A Change is Made in Source Data?
If you want to refresh everything on a workbook (charts, pivot tables, formulas, etc) you can use ThisWorkbook.RefreshAll command.

Private Sub Worksheet_Change(ByVal Target As Range)
End Sub

Please note that this code does not change the data source. So if you add data below the source data, this code won't include that data automatically. You can use Excel Tables to store source data. If you don't want to use tables, we can use VBA for including new data too. We will learn it in the next tutorial.

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