# How to use the RATE function in Excel In this article, we will learn How to use the RATE function in Excel.

What is the interest rate and how to calculate interest rate for a loan amount

You are already aware about the present value and future value of an amount. For example a loan of \$10,000 is to be paid on the monthly payment of \$190.  This change occurs on the periodic payment and a specific percentage. This specific percentage is called the interest rate (nominal rate). Higher the rate, higher will the future value of the amount. Lend money on more interest rate and borrow money on less interest.

RATE Function in Excel

RATE function is used to find the Interest rate of the data set in Excel. It requires the following arguments to calculate the interest rate.

Syntax:

 = RATE (nper, pmt, pv, [fv], [type], [guess])

nper: total no. of payment period.

pmt: amount paid each period.

pv - The present value of future payments must be entered as a negative number.

fv: [optional] due future value. Default is 0

type - [optional] When payments are due. Default is 0.

Example :

All of these might be confusing to understand. Let's understand how to use the function using an example. Here we have data having a present value of \$10,000 and amount is paid every month till 60 months (12 years). We need to find the interest rate on the data provided.

Use the formula

 = RATE ( B3 , B2 , - B1 ) * 12 Here all the references are given as cell reference as argument to the function.

Press Enter. The interest rate for the data set is 5%. So it means the interest rate of 5% is paid for the data provided.

Another Example

Now we will consider one more scenario to Calculate annuity for Interest rate.

Here we are given Future value \$10000, Present value \$1000, annual payment \$1000 & period of payment is till 7 years.

We need to find the interest rate on the data provided.

Use the formula

 =RATE ( D2 , - C2 , - B2 , A2 ) Here all the references are given as cell reference as argument to the function. Negative sign is considered with annual payment & present value because credit amount & debit Amount cannot have the same sign.

Press Enter. The interest rate for the data set is 6.29 %. So it means the interest rate of 6.29 % is paid for the data provided.

Notes:

1. The function provides the #VALUE! error if any argument to the function is non - numeric.
2. The function returns #NUM! error if the credit amount & debit amount signs are not correct. Excel understands negative as amount received and positive as amount paid.
3. RATE function calculates results by iteration and can have zero or more solutions. If the successive results of RATE do not converge to within 0.0000001 after 20 iterations, The function returns the #NUM! error value.

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