How to use the MOD Function in Excel

In this article, we will learn How to use the MOD function in Excel.

What is MOD or remainder ?

This is a mathematical operator used to calculate the remainder of the division. There are 4 different values involved in a division.

So it becomes

Dividend or number = divisor * quotient + remainder

For a division to happen we need Dividend and divisor, all rest are calculated. We can get Quotient value just by using the divide ( / ) operator. But for the remainder value we can use the MOD function in Excel. For example we get quotient 5 by using =27/5 in Excel cells. And calculator the remainder by = 27 - (27/5) * 5 = 2 (remainder). Or you can use =MOD(27,5)


Operator Division Quotient [ =27/2 ] Remainder [ =MOD(27,2) ]
/ = 27 / 10 2 7


Let's learn MOD function syntax and an example to illustrate the function usage.


MOD Function in Excel

MOD function is a built-in function to calculate the remainder when the number is divided by the divisor. It always has the same sign as divisor no matter the sign of remainder.

MOD Function Syntax:

=MOD (number, divisor)

number : dividend or the number to divide

divisor : divisor or the number to divide with

Example :

All of these might be confusing to understand. Let's understand how to use the function using an example. Here Here we have some numbers and their divisors

Use the formula:


Use the formula as shown in the above image. Press Enter to get the result. Then copy and paste this formula in other required cells to apply the same formula on others. Use Ctrl + D or drag down from the right corner of cell till required.

As you can see the result for the remainder but the sign ( -ve / +ve) is the same as the sign ( -ve / +ve ) of the divisor.

Here are all the observational notes using the MOD function in Excel
Notes :

  1. The formula only works with numbers.
  2. The formula returns the number rounded off to any decimal places.
  3. Negative argument as decimal rounds the number to integer side.
  4. Blank cells as an argument takes as zero value and returns 0 as result, so make sure to check blank cells before.
  5. The function returns #VALUE! Error if the text value or numbers as text value.

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