To write to a word file using Excel we need to access the word application using Excel VBA. In this tutorial we will learn how to open a word application, add a document and write content to it using Excel.
We have learned about the CreateObject method. In this article, we will use that method to create an object of word application instead of using the reference of it. So let's get started with the tutorial.
To write a word file using VBA, we first need to open the Word Application of course. Then add a document to it. Select the paragraph and write the text to it. Each of these steps can be done easily from Excel. You will not need to interact with the Word document.
Let's get started with an example without getting any further into theory. Because Iron Man said, "Sometimes you gotta run before you can walk".
Sub WriteToWord() ''Using Early Binding 'Dim wordApp As Word.Application 'Dim mydoc As Word.Document 'set wordApp=new word.Application 'Using late binding to create word application object 'Declaring variables as objects Dim wordApp As Object Dim mydoc As Object 'Initializing the object using CreateOBject Function Set wordApp = CreateObject("Word.Application") 'Making word App Visible wordApp.Visible = True 'Creating a new document Set mydoc = wordApp.Documents.Add() 'Getting input from user myString = Application.InputBox("Write Your Text") 'Writing to word wordApp.Selection.TypeText Text:=myString 'inserting a new paragraph wordApp.Selection.TypeParagraph End Sub
Explanation of the Code:
Well I have explained each step in the code itself using comments but let's have some word about the lines we have used in this sub.
So this VBA code takes input from the user and writes to a new word document.
The first few lines are commented out. These lines are using Late binding. If you have given reference to the word application you can remove the commenting tag. The code we are processing is using late binding. I have explained it in this article. You can refer to it to understand what is late binding and early binding in Excel VBA.
'Declaring variables as objects Dim wordApp As Object Dim mydoc As Object
Here we have declared two variables of type Object. The Object type variable can hold any type of object.
'Initializing the object using CreateOBject Function Set wordApp = CreateObject("Word.Application") 'Making word App Visible wordApp.Visible = True 'Creating a new document Set mydoc = wordApp.Documents.Add()
In the first line above, we are intentiating the wordApp variable with an object of type Word.App using the CreateObject method. This will open the Word Application.
In the second line we are making the word application visible so that we can work with it.
In the next line, we add a new document to the word application using Word.Documents.Add() function. This is stored in the mydoc variable.
'Getting input from user myString = Application.InputBox("Write Your Text")
Here we are simply getting input from the user using the InputBox function of Application Class. And we are storing the input in the mystring variable.
'Writing to word wordApp.Selection.TypeText Text:=myString 'inserting a new paragraph wordApp.Selection.TypeParagraph
Finally, we are using the TypeText method of Word Application.Selection class to write to the document. The last line enters into a new paragraph.
So yeah guys, this is how you can create a new Word document and write to it using Excel VBA. I have not gone into details as it would make the article exhaustingly long. This was only to learn how you can write to a word document through Excel. I hope it helped you understand the process. If you have any questions regarding this article, you can contact me through the comments section below.
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