How to use nested IF formulas in Excel

In this article, we will learn How to use nested IF formulas in Excel.

What are nested formulas in Excel ?

Nest means a pile of things built of multiple single things. When you start doing excel you will not evaluate the result using one function at a time. You use multiple functions in one formula. This is done to save space and time and is usual practice. Let's learn nested formula syntax and illustrate an example to understand better.

nested IF formula Function in Excel

IF function is used for logic_test and returns value on the basis of the result of the logic_test.

Formula Syntax:

=IF(first_condition ,value_if_first_true, IF(second_condition, value_if_second_true, third_condition, value_if_third_true, value_if_none_is_true)

Nested IF is an iteration of IF function. It runs multiple logic_test in one formula. IFS function is built in function use instead for nested IF function in version above Excel 2016..

Example :

All of these might be confusing to understand. Let's understand how to use the function using an example. Here we gave a list of student scored marks on a test. As a teacher you need to update the grade column evaluating the scores criteria.

We will use the below process. Let's understand.

Use the formula:

=IF(C3 < 20,"F",IF(C3 < 50,"D",IF(C3 < 70,"C",IF(C3 < 90,"B","A"))))

C3<20 : test1

“F”: return F if test1 satisfies.

C3<50: test2

“D”: return D if test2 satisfies.

C3<90: test3

”B”: return B if test3 satisfies.

C3>90: test4

“A”: return A if test3 satisfies.

Applying the formula in other cells using CTRL + D.

As you can see it’s easy to get the Grades having multiple conditions.

IF - AND Function in Excel

Here We have a list of Scores and We need to know under which criteria it lies.

Here multiple criterias are needed to satisfy. Use the formula to match the given criteria table


=IF(AND(B3 > 50, B3 < 60), "Below Average",IF(AND(B3 > 60, B3 < 90),"Average",IF(AND(B3 > 90,B3< 100),"Above Average","Top Score")))

Copy the formula in other cells, select the cells taking the first cell where the formula is already applied, use shortcut key Ctrl + D

We got the Results corresponding to the Scores.

You can use IF and AND function to meet multiple conditions in a single formula.

Here are all the observational notes using the nested IF formula in Excel
Notes :

  1. Use the IFS function in the latest version of excel (after  Excel 2017).
  2. Logic Operators like equals to ( = ), less than equal to ( <= ), greater than ( > ) or not equals to ( <> ) can be performed within a function applied with number only.
  3. Mathematical operators like SUM ( + ), Subtract ( - ), product ( * ), division ( / ), percent ( % ), power ( ^ ) can be performed over numbers using the example.

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