In this article, we will learn How to use the TBILLYIELD function in Excel.
What is Treasury Bills (T-bill)? And how do you calculate yield on treasury bills
When the government is going to the financial market to raise money, it can do it by issuing two types of debt methods, one is treasury bills and other is government bonds. The difference between the two is Treasury bills are issued when the government needs money for a shorter period while bonds are issued when it needs debt for more than say five years. YIELD of Treasury bill is calculated using the below formula
YIELD (t-bill) = (100 - pr) / pr * (360 / DSM)
Here DSM is the number of days from settlement to maturity. Treasury bills are generally known as T-bills and have a maximum maturity of less than one year (364 days). Hence, they are categorized as money market methods. Learn more about how to calculate the YIELD on maturity of T - bills in Excel. Yield percentage value per $100 face value using the TBILLYIELD function in Excel.
TBILLYIELD function in Excel
TBILLYIELD function returns the yield on maturity per $100 face value for a Treasury bill. It takes the settlement date and maturity date as argument dates along with the price per $100 face value.
TBILLYIELD function syntax:
|=TBILLYIELD (settlement, maturity, pr)|
settlement : Treasury bill's settlement date
maturity : Treasury bill's maturity date
pr : Treasury bill's price per $100 face value
All of these might be confusing to understand. Let's understand this function using an example. Here we have a settlement date, maturity date and price per $100 face value for the treasury bill.
Use the formula:
As you can see in the above image, the YIELD percent on the t-bill maturity comes out to be 4.04% per $100 face value. In the above example the gap between the settlement date and maturity date is 182 days
The formula returns value in decimals but the required is percentage value. Change the format of the resulting cell from General number to Percentage using the format cell drop down list as shown below.
Now we will understand how the YIELD function is different from the TBILLYIELD function with the same example. The YIELD function returns the YIELD per $100 face value of a security which comes out to be $ 99.06 as shown below.
As you can see the YIELD function returns 5.12 % using the formula in the formula box having more arguments like discount rate, redemption, payment frequency and basis. Resulting cell may return number in General format, change the format cell to Percentage
There are two more T bill functions in Excel TBILLPRICE function and TBILLEQ function. Use these functions when operating with treasury bill financial values.
Here are some observational notes using the TBILLYIELD function shown below.
Hope this article about How to use the TBILLYIELD function in Excel is explanatory. Find more articles on financial formulas here. If you liked our blogs, share it with your friends on Facebook. And also you can follow us on Twitter and Facebook. We would love to hear from you, do let us know how we can improve, complement or innovate our work and make it better for you. Write to us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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