The If ElseIf Statement in VBA

There will be times when you want to do different tasks depending on different conditions. You would like to check different conditions if one condition falls. In that scenario we use the If ElseIf statements in VBA.

Syntax of If ElseIf in VBA

If condition1 then
 'Code to execute if condition1 is true
ElseIF Condition2 then
 'Code to execute if condition2 is true
ElseIF Condition3 then
 'Code to execute if condition3 is true
ElseIF ConditionN then
'Code to execute if conditionN is true

 'Optional Code if none of the condition is matched.

End If Sub

Control Flow in If ElseIf Statements

In If ElseIf statement, the next condition is only checked when the previous condition falls. When a condition is matched, the code in that block is executed and the control exits the If block. There's one Else block that is optional. It is only executed if none of the conditions are matched. If you want to do something if none of the conditions are matched then put that code in the Else block.

So, enough of the theories. Let's have an example to digest it.
Example: Grade Marks Using VBA If ElseIf Statements
Here we are taking the classic example of the grading system. We want to create a user defined function GRADE that grades the marks according to below conditions:
If marks are greater than 80, grade A. Else, if marks are greater than 60, grade B. Else, if marks are greater than or equal to 40, grade C. If marks are less than 40, grade F.

Here's the VBA code:

Function GRADES(marks As Double)
 If marks > 80 Then
  GRADES = "A"
 ElseIf marks > 60 Then
  GRADES = "B"
 ElseIf marks > 40 Then
  GRADES = "C"
  GRADES = "F"
 End If
End Function

The above function first checks if the supplied value is greater than 80. If this condition falls True, the function returns A and exits the if block. If the condition is not matched then it checks the next ElseIF condition. If none of the conditions are True then Else block is executed and Grade F is returned.

If ElseIf Vs Nested Ifs
If Else If is not nested Ifs, as nested Ifs checks another condition when previous condition was matched. Where is If ElseIf statement checks another condition when previous condition is not matched.

In If ElseIf, when one condition is matched, the code in that condition is executed and control exits the If ElseIf statements. Where in nested Ifs, when one condition is matched another condition is checked. The control exits when any condition is False or all conditions are matched.

So yeah guys, this is If ElseIF statements in VBA. I hope this was useful to you. Let me know if this was explanatory enough in the comments section below. If you have any doubts or special requirements in VBA or Excel Formulas, ask in the comments section below.

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