How to Count Characters in a Cell in Excel

If we can count the total number of characters in a cell using LEN, we can also count specific characters in a cell. We just need a helping hand. And that helping hand is SUBSTITUTE function of excel. Let's start counting.
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Generic Formula To Count Specific Characters in Excel - Case sensitive

=LEN(cell)-LEN(SUBSTITUTE(cell,"character/s",""))

Generic Formula To Count Specific Characters in a Cell - Case Insensitive

=LEN(cell)-LEN(SUBSTITUTE(UPPER(cell),"CHARACTER/S IN CAPITAL LETTER","'))

LEN Function returns total number of characters in a string or cell.

SUBSTITUTE function replaces the given character (or set of characters) with another given character (or set of characters). To eliminate character/s we use “” (blank) as a new character. Remember SUBSTITUTE is case sensitive.

Now let's see it in action.

Example - Count Words in A Para

Here, in cell A2, I have a paragraph. Now I want to count words in it. To do so, we will count spaces in the sentence because:
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Total Number of Words = Total Number of Spaces +1

Write this formula in Cell B2

Formula To Count Words in A Paragraph

=LEN(A2)-LEN(SUBSTITUTE(A2," ","")) +1

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How Does It work?

  • LEN(A2): This part will return total number of characters in excel.
  • LEN(SUBSTITUTE(A2," ","")
    • SUBSTITUTE(A2," ",""): First, this part will replace all spaces with blanks. We will now have a string without spaces.
    • LEN(SUBSTITUTE(A2," ",""): Now this part will give return length of this altered text.
  • LEN(A2)-LEN(SUBSTITUTE(A2," ","")): This will return total number of spaces. Now this is equivalent to:
    • number of characters with spaces - number of characters without spaces = total number of spaces.
  • LEN(A2)-LEN(SUBSTITUTE(A2," ","")) +1 : Now this translates to:
    • Number of spaces + 1 = total number of words in a paragraph.

So yeah guys, this is the way you can count any character in a string in excel. Just replace the character/s with blank (“”) and subtract its length from original text.

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