In this article, we will learn How to Sum the Number of Hours an Employee Worked in Excel.

**Scenario**

In simple words, while working with time data tables, sometimes we need to calculate time values from a table based on a condition. Condition is to get the sum of time values which are above 9 hours.

**SUMPRODUCT formula in Excel**

For this article we will be needing the use the following functions:

Now we will make a formula out of these functions. Here we will given the time value data and we needed sum time values where value is greater than 9 hours.

**formula:**

= SUMPRODUCT ( ( times - TIME (9,0,0) ) * ( times > TIME (9,0,0) ) ) |

variables:

times: array of Time values

**Example :**

All of these might be confusing to understand. Let's understand how to use the function using an example. James has to complete 9 hrs daily but he gets to use the extra time above 9 hrs in the next week.

We have the time record of him for the last 7 days. And for recalculation purpose, we mentioned the extra time for each day.

Here hrs ( D3:D9 ) given in as using named range.

Now we will use the following formula to get the SUM of time for the Month1 in F3 cell.

Use the Formula:

= SUMPRODUCT ( ( hrs - TIME (9,0,0) ) * ( hrs > TIME (9,0,0) ) ) |

Explanation:

- TIME (9,0,0) returns the 9:00:00 time value.
- hrs > TIME (9,0,0) returns the TRUE & FALSE values.
- hrs - TIME (9,0,0) returns the difference of the actual time value and 9:00 time value
- SUMPRODUCT function returns the SUM of values given in as array to the function.

As you can see the total extra time he has which he can utilize is 2 hrs and 20 min.

As you can see from the above formula you can get the total sum of time values having criteria.

Here are all the observational notes using the formula in Excel

Notes:

- The formula only works with numbers.
- The formula works only when there are no duplicates in the lookup table
- The SUMPRODUCT function considers non - numeric values as 0s.
- The SUMPRODUCT function considers logic value TRUE as 1 and False as 0.
- The argument array must be of same length else the function.

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