In this article, we will learn how to determine in which quarter a specified date corresponds.
While working on reports, you have some dates & you want a formula which will return the date as Quarter number of the current year. Example: Jan 1, 2014 to be return as Quarter 1.
We will use a combination of CHOOSE, MONTH & MATCH functions together to make a formula that will return the date in a cell into Quarter number.
Choose: Returns the character specified by the code number from the character set for your computer. CHOOSE function will return a value from a list of values based on a given index number. Choose function uses index_num to return a value from a list.
Syntax = CHOOSE(index_num,value1,value2,…)
index_num: It specifies which value argument is selected. Index_num must be a number between 1 and 254 or a formula that contains number between 1 and 254. If index_num is less than 1, then Choose will return #VALUE!error.
value1 & value 2 are 1 to 254 value arguments from which CHOOSE will evaluate & return the result.
MONTH: This function returns the month (January to December as 1 to 12) of a date.
serial_number: It refers to the date of the month that you are trying to find.
MATCH function searches for a specified item in a selected range of cells, and then returns the relative position of that item in the range.
lookup_value: The value you want to look for
lookup_array: The table of data contains information from which you want to return the output.
match_type: 1,0 and -1 are three options.
1(Default): It will find the largest value in the range. List must be sorted in ascending order.
0: It will find an exact match
-1: It will find the smallest value in the range. List must be sorted in descending order.
Let us take an example:
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