# The SORT Function in Excel

The SORT function is introduced in Excel 365 online. It is an dynamic array function that sort the given array into ascending and descending orders. This function is not available in Excel 2016 and older versions.
In this article, we will learn how to use the SORT function to sort arrays and tables in excel.
Syntax of SORT Function

=SORT(array,[sort_index],[sort_order],[by_col])

Array : It is the reference of array or range that you want to sort.

[sort_index] : The column number in the two dimensional array by which you want to sort the range. By Default it is 1.

[sort_order] : The order by which you want to sort the array. For ascending it is 1 and for descending it is -1. By default it is 1.

[by_col] : Set it True(1) if you want to sort an horizontal array. By default it False(0) for Vertical data.

Let’s understand this SORT function with some examples
Example 1: Sort Entire Table in Ascending Order By First Column.
Here I have this sample data table that I want to sort with the first column in ascending order. The formula is simple:

=SORT(A2:C10)

It will return a dynamic array and will fill the sheet with the resulting sorted array. Example 2: Sort Table By Column 2 in Descending Order
In our table, the second column is the Roll No. We need to sort this table by roll no. in reverse order.
The formula for sorting array in descending order of column 2 will be:

=SORT(A2:C10,2,-1) Example 3: Sort the Horizontal Data in Ascending Order Here, I have data of different years. I want to sort this data by collection in ascending order. The SORT formula for this will be:

=SORT(C2:I3,2,,1)

Here, we wanted to sort horizontally, so we set by_col variable to 1(TRUE). Since we wanted sort by the second row, the sort index is set to 2. We left the order_by to be the default. How it works

The formula works automatically in the background to sort the given arrays.

Note: This function is only available in office 365 online version. It is not available in Excel 2016 or older versions. To sort arrays in Excel 2016 and older versions use these sorting formulas.

So yeah guys, this was a quick tutorial of how to use SORT function to sort arrays in Excel. I hope I was explanatory enough. If you have any doubts regarding this query or any other EXCEL VBA related query, ask them in the comments section below.

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