Open a Closed Workbook with VBA in Microsoft Excel

In this article, we will create a macro to copy data from a closed workbook.

We have “DataFile” containing employee data, which includes Name, Age and Domain.


We want to copy data from this file to the main file.


Before running the macro, we need to specify the file path and the file name.


Logic explanation

We have created “OpenClosedWorkbook” macro to copy data from the closed workbook. It opens the workbook, copies data to the main workbook and then closes the previous workbook.

Code explanation

Set WB = Workbooks.Open(FileName)

The above code is used to create an object of the opened workbook.


The above code is used to copy all the data from the defined workbook.

ThisWorkbook.Worksheets("Main").Range("A15").PasteSpecial (xlPasteValues)

The above code is used to paste the copied data to the main worksheet.


Please follow below for the code

Option Explicit

Sub OpenClosedWorkbook()

'Declaring variables
Dim FileName As String
Dim WB As Workbook

'Disabling screen updates
Application.ScreenUpdating = False

'Getting file path and file name from the textbox
FileName = Sheet1.TextBox1.Value

'Open the Excel workbook
Set WB = Workbooks.Open(FileName)

'Copy data from sheet1 from opened workbook

'Paste data in the macro file starting from cell A15
ThisWorkbook.Worksheets("Main").Range("A15").PasteSpecial (xlPasteValues)

'Close the workbook without saving
WB.Close (False)

Set WB = Nothing

'Auto adjusting the size of selected columns

'Saving the macro file

End Sub


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