In this article, we will learn how to retrieve the Nth value in a Row, Column, and range. We use a combination of “OFFSET”, “Index”, and “ROW” functions in Microsoft Excel 2010.

**OFFSET: -**One of the rows and columns in a range that is a specified number of the cells or range of cells has a reference returned references. A single cell or range of cells, you may have to be returned to the number of rows and number of columns, can be specified.

**The syntax of OFFSET function: =OFFSET (reference, rows, cols, height, width)**

*Reference:-** This is a cell or range from which you want to offset.*

*Rows and Columns to move:** – How many rows you want to move from the starting point, and both of these can be positive, negative or zero.*

*Height and Width**: – This is the size of the range you want to return.*

Let’s take an example to understand how the Offset function works in excel.

We have data in range A1:D10 in which column A contains Product Code, Column B contains Quantity, column C contains per product cost and column D contains Total cost. We want to return the value of cell C5 in cell E2.

Follow below mentioned steps.

- Select the cell E2 and write the formula.
- =OFFSET(A1,4,2,1,1)
- Press Enter on your keyboard.
- The function will return the value of cell C5
*.*

**ROW:** – This function is used to return the row number of a cell reference.

**Syntax of “ROW” function: =ROW (reference)**

*Example:** =ROW (A1) would return 1*

* =ROW (A1:A10) would return 1*

* =ROW (A1:C10) would return 1 *

**INDEX: **The Index formula returns a value from the intersection between the row number and the column number in an Array. There are 2 syntaxes for the “INDEX” function.

*1st Syntax of “INDEX” function:=INDEX (array, row_num, [column_num])*

*2nd Syntax of “INDEX” function:=INDEX (reference, row_num, [column_num], [area_num])*

For example, we have data in range A1:C5 in which column A contains Order Id, column B contains Unit Price, and column C contains Quantity.

Follow below given steps:-

- Write the formula in cell D2.
- =INDEX(A1:C5,2,3)
- Press Enter on your keyboard.
- The function will return 10, which means 10 is available in 2
^{nd}row and 3^{rd}column.

Let’s take an example to understand how we can retrieve the Nth value in a row, column and range.

We have data in range A1:B12.

**To retrieve the Nth value in the column, follow below given steps:-**

- Write the formula in cell C2.
- =OFFSET($B$1,0,C4-1)
- Press Enter on your keyboard.
- The function will return the Nth value in the column.

**To retrieve the Nth value in the Row, follow below given steps:-**

- Write the formula in cell C2.
- =OFFSET($A$4,C4-1,0)
- Press Enter on your keyboard.
- The function will return the Nth value in the row.

**To retrieve the Nth value in the Range, follow below given steps:-**

- Write the formula in cell C2.
- =INDEX($A$2:$A$12,(ROW()-2)*3+3)
- Press Enter on your keyboard.
- The function will return the Nth value in the range.

This is the way we can retrieve the Nth value in a row, column, and range in Microsoft Excel 2010.

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Column 1& 2 Unique value can be manually entered. I want the numbers laid by the excel function from the list wrt each row and column as display

Column 1 Column 2 Column 3

A W 1

A X 2

A Y 3

A Z 4

B W 5

B X 6

B Y 7

B Z 8

C W 9

C X 10

C Y 11

C Z 12

D W 13

D X 14

D Y 15

D Z 16

W X Y Z

A 1 2 3 4

B 5 6 7 8

C 9 10 11 12

D 13 14 15 16