How to Fix value after every n columns in Excel

In this article, we will learn How to Fix value after every 3 columns in Excel.


In simple words, while working with column filled data. Sometimes, we need to fix the values after every n columns. We need to fix a value after every given number of times. See the below formula to calculate using the formula.

How to solve the problem?

For this article we will be needing the use the following functions:

  1. IF function
  2. MOD Function
  3. COLUMN function

Now we will make a formula out of these functions. Here we will give the row and we need to place values after every n times, n is given with number.

Syntax formula:

=IF( MOD( COLUMN( cell ) - 1 , n ) = 0 , fixed_value ,50)

Cell : where formula is used

fixed_value : fixed value in cell

50 : rest values.


All of these might be confusing to understand. So, let's test this formula via running it on the example shown below. Here we have fixed value and a value of n as 4 i.e. fixed value occurs at every 4th column.


=IF( MOD( COLUMN(E5) - 1 , 4 ) = 0 , $A$2 , 50 )

E5 : cell where formula is used

-1 : offset value, number of columns between the left of the sheet to the cell used.

4 : after every n columns, n = 4

$A$2 : fixed value "NA" in A2 cell. ($A$2 cell freezes the cell when formula extended to other cells)


  1. COLUMN function returns the column index of the cell reference used.
  2. -1 offset value to use first reference cell as first cell for the range.
  3. 4 value of n, fixed value to occur after every 4th column.
  4. MOD function checks the remainder COLUMN(E5) - 1 with 4 for every value in range and returns TRUE or FALSE.
  5. IF function returns Fixed value if TRUE or else it returns 50 as number value.

Here the array to the function is given as cell_reference. Press Enter to get the column values.

The formula returns 50, as it is only 1st cell for the range. Here -1 is the offset value. Use Ctrl + R to copy the formula from one cell to other along the columns.

Here we have the fixed value after every 4 columns. This function is usually used to construct a structure where known values should be there. Like taking a attendance of class in school,  marking P where present and sundays at the interval of 7 as Sunday (fixed value at each interval of 7) and leaves or absentees can be marked manually.  

As you can see from the above formula returns an array of values with condition having Fixed value after every n columns. Here are some observational results using the above formula used.


  1. The value if true & value if False argument can be customized as per required results.
  2. Use Ctrl + R instead of Ctrl + D. Ctrl + R is copy the formula along columns and Ctrl + D to copy formula along rows.
  3. Check the brackets and commas in the formula if any error occurs. 
  4. Do not forget to freeze the fixed value cell on the first formula. You can freeze cell by hord code values using ("fixed_value") or by having cursor on the cell refernce in the formula press F4 ($A$2) or by placing dollar char using keyboard.
  5. You can place at every alternate row using n = 2 in the formula. 

Hope this article about How to Fix value after every n columns in Excel is explanatory. Find more articles on summing functions here. If you liked our blogs, share it with your fristarts on Facebook. And also you can follow us on Twitter and Facebook. We would love to hear from you, do let us know how we can improve, complement or innovate our work and make it better for you. Write us at

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