The With - End With block in VBA is used to tell VBA that we are going to use the given object and it should consider the properties of the given object only once we use dot operator. We will see examples later in this article.
Syntax With - End With Block
With [Object] 'Code to alter or use [Object] '-- '-- End With
So now that we know the syntax of With - End With block, let's see its usage.
Let's say I want to do several changes to range A2:A10. I want to select this range, change it's fill colors, font style etc. How would I do it generally? Probably like this:
Sub test() Range("A1:A10").Select Range("A1:A10").Interior.ColorIndex = 8 Range("A1:A10").Font.Name = "Algerian" Range("A1:A10").Font.ColorIndex = 12 Range("A1:A10").Font.Underline = xlUnderlineStyleDouble Range("A1:A10").Copy Range("B1:B10") Range("A1:A10").Clear End Sub
The above selects range A1:A10. Changes the interior color of range to color index 8. Changes the font to Algerian. Changes color of font to color index 12. Underlines the text in range with double underlines. Then it copies the range A1:A10 to range B1:B10 of the same sheet. At last it clears the range A1:A10.
You can notice that to do every operation with range A1:A10, we have to write it every time. Then the dot operator accesses its properties. This decreases the processing speed and increases work overhead to VBA programmers. The alternative to do this is to use a With block: The below code does the same as the above code but faster.
Sub test() With Range("A1:A10") .Select .Interior.ColorIndex = 8 .Font.Name = "Algerian" .Font.ColorIndex = 12 .Font.Underline = xlUnderlineStyleDouble .Copy Range("B1:B10") .Clear End With End Sub
Let's see another example.
If you have created an object of Outlook Mail then you can use that object to initialize all it's properties and use methods.
Set outMail = Outlook.Application.CreateItem(0) With outMail .To = "abcd.mail.com" 'Mandatory. Here you define the destination mail id. .cc = "cc.mail.com" 'optional. Cc mail id if you want. .BCC = "bcc.mail.com" 'optional. Bcc mail id if you want. .Subject = subj 'should have. The massage on mail body. .Body = msg 'optional. The massage on mail body. .Attachments.Add "C:/exceltip.com\test.xlsx" .Send End With
How does it work?
Well, when we write With Range("A1:A10"), vba locks its reference to the object range("A1:A10"). So whenever we write dot (.) operator, VBA lists all the members of this range class which will affect only object Range("A1:A10") or any object you mentioned. The reference lock releases when VBA reads the End With statement.
We can have a block within another block. In the above example we used a range object to select it. Then we used Range.Font several times to work with fonts. This is again repetitive. The above code can be written like this too:
Sub test() With Range("A1:A10") .Select .Interior.ColorIndex = 8 'Using another With within a With Block With .Font .Name = "Algerian" .ColorIndex = 12 .Underline = xlUnderlineStyleDouble End With .Copy Range("B1:B10") .Clear End With End Sub
The inner with block should refer to an object that is a sub member of the outer object. We can refer to the outer with as object with and inner With as Child With. When you start inner with, the object should be written with the preceding dot operator.
Once you are a child, you can't access parent specific properties. For example, the below code is wrong.
Sub test() With Range("A1:A10") .Select .Interior.ColorIndex = 8 'Using another With within a With Block With .Font .Name = "Algerian" .ColorIndex = 12 .Underline = xlUnderlineStyleDouble 'The below code will generate error as copy and clear methods does not belong to font class. .Copy Range("B1:B10") .Clear End With End With End Sub
If I want to make some changes with the font of range A1:A10 of sheet2 in the code containing the workbook then we should use a fully qualified block.
The below two codes will work the same.
Sub test2() With ThisWorkbook With .Sheets("Sheet2") With .Range("A1:A10") With .Font .Name = "Algerian" .ColorIndex = 12 .Underline = xlUnderlineStyleDouble End With End With End With End With End Sub
'Fully qualified with block Sub test3() With ThisWorkbook.Sheets("Shee2").Range("A1:A10").Font .Name = "Algerian" .ColorIndex = 12 .Underline = xlUnderlineStyleDouble End With End Sub
You can see the difference. So when you know that you are going to use multiple methods and properties from an object, give a fully qualified name at the beginning. If you will be using child objects then use the previous approach. Experienced programmers use both methods at suitable situations.
So yeah guys, this is how we use With - End With block in VBA. I hope I was explanatory enough and this article helped you understand the concept of With - End With. If you have any doubts regarding this article, or any other topic, ask me in the comments section below. I'll be happy to help you.
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