How to use the PERCENTILE.INC Function

In this article, we will learn about how to use the PERCENTILE.INC function in Excel. 

The PERCENTILE.INC is a statistical function. In statistics, finding a value below the given kth percentage or Percentile. Value of k can be shown in the below table.

PERCENTILE.INC function takes the range of values as array and value of k. And returns the interpolate value from the array.


=PERCENTILE.INC (array, k)

k : number between  0 < k < 1  including 0 & 1 itself. 


Let’s understand this function using it as an example.

Here we have a set of values as data ( A1 : A23 ) and we need to find some PERCENTILE.INC values from the array.

Use the formula:

= PERCENTILE.INC ( data , D3)

data - array given using named range. 

D3 - value of k given as cell reference.

The function returns the 0th PERCENTILE.INC value or minimum value which is 28 .

Now copy the formula to get different PERCENTILE.INC values of the range to the remaining cells and formula as shown in the snapshot below.

As you can see the results in the snapshot above.

Here are some of the observations gathered using the PERCENTILE.INC function.


  1. The function returns #VALUE! Error if the argument to the function is non numeric. 
  2. The function returns #NUM! error if the value of k is less than equal to zero or greater than 1.
  3. The array argument to the function ignores text, Logic values or Date & Time values.

Hope you understood How to use the PERCENTILE.INC function in Excel. Explore more articles on mathematical functions like PERCENTILE function & PERCENTILE.INC.EXC function here. Please state your query in the comment box below.


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