How to use the AREAS Function in Excel

In this article, we will learn how to use AREAS Function in Excel. AREAS function is a reference function which returns the count of area references input as argument.

Cell or array References :

Perform the sum of numbers in A2 cell and A3 cell. See the below cell reference use.  Just click the cell after using equals to character (=). 

Excel helps you to differentiate between the 2 cell references with the different colour format as shown in the above snapshot. Now press Enter and you will have your result.

Learn more about absolute and relative cell references here.

AREAS function only takes references as input and returns the number of areas in references.

Syntax of AREAS function:


reference : a valid reference of the current worksheet.


All of these might be confusing to understand. So, let's test this formula via running it on the example shown below. Here we have some references to test the AREAS function in Excel.

Use the formula:


These different colours shown above is the excel way of showing how many references are used. Press Enter to get the result.

There are 4 references as arguments to the AREAS function in excel. So the function returns 4 as result. Now try with a different number of cell or array references.

Here different number of references generates different result. You can also give reference from another sheet as shown E7 cell with formula and notes along with it.

Here are some observational notes using the AREAS function shown below.


  1. The function only works with references.
  2. Reference argument a reference to a cell or range of cells and can refer to multiple areas.
  3. Use double brackets ( ( ref1, ref2,... ) ) when using multiple reference. Use a single bracket in case of only single argument
  4. The function doesn't even take input any datatype except reference.

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