The ADDRESS Function in Excel

The ADDRESS function simply returns the address of a cell by using row number and column number.
Syntax of ADDRESS Function


Row_num: The Row number

Col_num: The Column number

[abs_num]: Optional Argument.  It has four possible inputs, 1, 2, 3, and 4. If omitted or 1, returned address will be absolute eg $A$1. 2 returns absolute row and relative column eg A$1.3 returns relative row and absolute column $A1. 4 returns relative address eg A1.

[a1]: Optional Argument. Has two possible inputs, 0 and 1. If omitted, it will return A1-style . 0 returns output in R[1]C[1] style.

[sheet_name]: Optional Argument. If sheet name is provided, add it with address along ! mark. Eg. mysheet!A1.

IMPORTANT: The address returned is in text format. It's not an actual reference.
Now let's have some examples:

Excel ADDRESS Examples

    1. Get relative address of Row 3 and Column 1.

The above ADDRESS formula will return A3.

    1. Get Value of a cell using ADDRESS Function

The above formula will return value at $A$3

    1. Get ADDRESS of Max Value in a Range.

We have this table.
Write this formula anywhere to get the address of Max Value.


MAX function finds max value in range B:B
MATCH looks for that MAX value in B:B range and returns index or say row number.
COLUMN returns column number of B2.
Now, ADDRESS has row_num and col_num. And this all it needs.

    1. Get adjacent cells value of Max Value

Many times you would require to get the name of a person getting max or min value. One approach is this.


Since the address returned by ADDRESS function is text, we use INDIRECT so that OFFSET function takes it as a real address.
we move 1 column left to max cell using -1. And finally, offset returns name of Robo that is getting max pay.

So, I explained the ADDRESS function here and gave some examples in which ADDRESS is most useful. But as we know everyone’s need is different, let me know your need in the comments section below. We will get it together.

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