# How to count rows if meets multiple criteria in Excel In this article, we will learn how to count rows if that meets multiple criteria in Excel.

Scenario:

In simple words, while working with data tables, sometimes we need to count the cells where more than two ranges meet criteria. This can be done using the formula explained below.

How to solve the problem?

For this problem, we will be required to use the SUMPRODUCT function. Here we are given two ranges and we need the count of rows that meets 3 criteria. SUMPRODUCT function returns the SUM of corresponding TRUE values (as 1) and ignores values corresponding to FALSE values (as 0) in the returns a single array where conditions were TRUE.

Generic formula:

 = SUMPRODUCT ( ( rng_1 op_1 crit_1 ) + 0 , ( rng_2 op_2 crit_1 ) + 0 , rng_2 op_2 crit_1 ) + 0 )

rng : range to look for

crit : criteria to apply

op : criteria operator, condition given as operator between range & criteria

+0 : converts boolean values to binary(0 & 1).

Example:

All of these might be confusing to understand. So, let's test this formula via running it on the example shown below.

Here we need to find the count of rows listed in the range having 3 conditions. Here we have a list of diplomatic meetings held between India & US from 2014. The table shows the President / PM with the country label and year. The table is also divided into parts representing home country and the visiting country list.

Conditions listed below:

US president "Barack Obama visited India having issues less than 2.

Use the Formula:

 = SUMPRODUCT ( ( C4:C10 = "Barack Obama" ) + 0 , ( F4:F10 = "India" ) + 0 , ( G4:G10 < 2 ) + 0 ) )

C4:C10="Barack Obama" : President matching "Barack Obama" in the visiting list.

F4:F10="India" : host country matching "India".

G4:G10<2 : issues less than two.

+0 : converts boolean values to binary(0 & 1). Here the range is given as cell reference. Press Enter to get the count. As you can see, one time US president Barack Obama visited India which happened in 2015. This shows that the formula extracts the count of times matched in the corresponding array. As there are 1 time when the US president "Barack Obama" visited India where issues is also equals to 1 which is less than 2

With equals to Criteria:

The above example was easy. So to make it interesting we will count how many times US hosted India starting from 2014 as by data.

Conditions listed below:

US hosted India having issues is equal to 2.

Use the Formula:

 =SUMPRODUCT ( ( F4:F10 = "US" ) + 0 , ( D4:D10 = "India" ) + 0 , ( G4:G10 = 2 ) + 0 )

F4:F10="US" : host country matching "US".

D4:D10="India" : visiting country matching "India".

G4:G10=2 : issues equals to two.

+0 : converts boolean values to binary(0 & 1). Here the range is given as cell reference. Press Enter to get the count. As you can see, there are 2 times where the US hosted India and issues equals to two. This shows that the formula extracts the count of times matched in the corresponding array. As there are 5 times when the US hosted India but issues were either 1 or 3, But here we need issues to be matched with 2.

With greater than Criteria:

Here to make it interesting we will count how many times US president "Donald Trump" hosted Indian Prime minister starting from 2014 as by data.

Conditions listed below:

US president "Donald Trump" hosted India having issues is greater than 1.

Use the Formula:

 =SUMPRODUCT ( ( C4:C10 = "Donald Trump" ) + 0 , ( F4 : F10 = "India" ) + 0 , ( G4:G10 >1 ) + 0 )

F4:F10="US" : host president matching "Donald Trump".

D4:D10="India" : visiting country matching "India".

G4:G10=2 : issues equals to two.

+0 : converts boolean values to binary(0 & 1). Here the range is given as cell reference. Press Enter to get the count. As you can see, one time where the US president "Donald Trump" hosted India and issues greater than two. This shows that the formula extracts the count of times matched in the corresponding array. As there are 2 times when the US president "Donald Trump" hosted India but issues were either 1 or 3, But here we need issues to be greater than 1 which is 3 lies in year 2019.

With issues not considered in Criteria:

Here to make it easy and convenient to understand, we will count how many times in total the US president visited India starting from 2014 as by data.

Conditions listed below:

The US president visited India in total from 2014.

Use the Formula:

 =SUMPRODUCT((F4:F10="India")+0,(D4:D10="US")+0)

F4:F10="US" : host country matching "US".

D4:D10="India" : visiting country matching "India".

G4:G10=2 : issues equals to two.

+0 : converts boolean values to binary(0 & 1). Here the range is given as cell reference. Press Enter to get the count. As you can see, 2 times where the US visited India and issues greater than two. This shows that the formula extracts the count of times matched in the corresponding array. As there was one time when the US president "Barack Obama" visited India in 2015 and one time when the US president "Donald Trump" visited India in year 2020.

You can also perform ranges as criteria. Count the cells where 2 ranges meet criteria. Learn more about Countif with SUMPRODUCT in Excel here.

Here are some observational notes shown below.

Notes:

1. The formula only works with numbers.
2. The arrays in the formula must be equal in length, as formula returns error when not.
3. The SUMPRODUCT function considers non - numeric values as 0s.
4. The SUMPRODUCT function considers logic value TRUE as 1 and False as 0.
5. The argument array must be the same size else the function returns an error.
6. SUMPRODUCT function returns the sum after taking individual products in the corresponding array.
7. Operators like equals to ( = ), less than equal to ( <= ), greater than ( > ) or not equals to ( <> ) can be performed within a formula applied, with numbers only.

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